This page has information about a proposed wind energy development in Northeastern North Carolina. If you have questions about any of this, or have other material that should be included, or find any errors here, or would like to be on our email list, please email John Droz.

Make sure to look at the rest of this WiseEnergy.org website (see menus above), as there are several hundred studies and reports about the negative economic, environmental and technical consequences of industrial wind energy. Several videos worth watching are here.

Make sure to look at our page of some North Carolina laws, proposed legislation, pertinent agencies, etc. as many of these directly apply to this proposed development. To keep current with what’s going on with this project, please periodically check back here for updates. More recent significant additions or modifications (other than dated documents) will be indicated in green.

Quickie overview: a Virginia developer (Apex Energy) is proposing an industrial wind energy development called Timbermill. This was originally a much larger project scheduled for Chowan and Perquimans counties. However, due to extensive citizen involvement, the Perquimans Commissioners passed an ordinance effectively prohibiting this project from being in their county. See here for what the situation was for the original proposed, much larger project.

The current version apparently consists of forty-five 600± foot tall industrial turbines — which would be the tallest turbines in the US. The developer is leasing most of the land (a mostly wooded tract) from Weyerhaeuser Corporation. 

Our position is that alternative energy sources should be encouraged — but none should be permitted on the public grid until a scientific assessment proves that they are a NET societal benefit. No such scientific assessment exists for wind energy!  In fact the evidence from studies done by independent experts conclude that wind energy is a net economics and environmental loser.  See below (and read through this website) for more details.

The objectives of our elected representatives should be: 1) to encourage development that is a net-benefit to the community, while 2) protecting citizens, the environment, local economies, and military bases from industrialization. The bottom line is that protecting the health, safety and welfare of the community must be the top priority — not promoting the economic interests of some out-of-state investor.

A NC law (H484) was passed in 2013, which sets up the first statewide wind energy permitting process. The NC DENR (Department of Environmental and Natural Resources) is the lead agency, and Timbermill may be the first wind development going through this process. As explained on our NC Wind Energy Information page, H484 is a very weak law, that provides only minimal protections.

As such, NC communities are left on their own to deal with industrial wind energy. Chowan County had the foresight to pass a wind ordinances in 2009, and then a 2020 modification. It needs to be further updated to adequately protect the health, safety and welfare of Chowan citizens (i.e. to include all of these five critical regulations).

As a point of reference, Carteret County (NC) had a major wind project proposed there in 2013. After several public meetings, and considerable research, the Carteret County Commissioners unanimously passed a protections-oriented Tall Structures Ordinance in 2014. Chowan County could do much worse than follow Carteret County’s example.

Note: How huge is 600 feet?


Special Event  —

Screen shot 2014-11-08 at 7.53.45 AMOn November 22nd, 2014,  Chowan County citizens sponsored a free wind energy education get-together. The location was the First Presbyterian Church meeting room (Edenton, NC). The award winning, feature-length movie, Windfall, was shown. This movie was a Grand Prize Winner at the New York City Independent Film festival. It also received favorible reviews from renowned movie critic Roger Ebert, the New York Times (a “Critics Pick”), and the Wall Street Journal — among many others. For those unable to make that meeting, the film is available on Netflix.

Following the film, there was a Q&A, hosted by environmentalist and energy expert John Droz. John is an independent NC physicist, who has donating his time and expertise for free. He led the successful education campaign in Carteret County for the wind project recently proposed there.

Our hope is that after they have a better understanding of industrial wind energy realities, that Chowan will follow Carteret County’s example (see above) and soon upgrade their wind laws to provide the important basic protections needed for local citizens, businesses and the environment.

Economic Realities  —

Wind_Power_GreenThe Timbermill wind project will likely result in an annual net $7 million loss — as well as an annual net reduction in employment of 15± jobs. Please read the following carefully to see how this all comes about…

Wind promoters usually present these projects as a “found money opportunity.” However, the typical reality is that the developer makes tens of millions in profit, while the local community has a net economic loss.

In other words, these projects are about making a killing (at the expense of taxpayers, ratepayers and the environment), as the wind energy business is one of the most lucrative investments in the country. Wind profiteers make exceptional returns due to things like generous federal subsidies, state mandates, and extremely preferential treatment once they are on the electrical grid.

The industry goes to great lengths to keep their profits a proprietary number, as they know their bargaining position would be seriously undermined if such information was made public — however, insiders have indicated that (on other wind projects) they expect to make an annual guaranteed net profit of up to 25%!  If that holds true on this project, that works out to $25± million per year to the developer!

The only way the developer can make these huge profits on the backs of citizens, is to hope that:

a) they can cheaply buy off the community (e.g. with lightweight regulations, reduced property taxes [e.g. a PILOT agreement], unguaranteed claims of a few jobs, etc.),

b) the community won’t pay attention to the whole economics picture (see below), and

c) the community won’t notice that there are zero societal net benefits for such a project.

d) property leaseholders won’t give adequate consideration to the terms and conditions in their 40± page contracts.

What About Farmers and Hunters?

The developers claim that this project will be a boon to some local farmers. Making the decision about signing a lease to host industrial wind turbines often sounds like a no-brainer — as landowners may get paid $10,000+ per year per turbine for doing almost nothing, right?

Wrong. There are extraordinary implications to signing these leases (actually easements), which knowledgeable attorneys have called some of the most restrictive, one-sided contracts anywhere in the country.

For starters CAREFULLY read through this overview of the situation. We’ve also put together a comprehensive list of over forty legal and financial concerns that any potential leaseholder should thoroughly consider.

Additionally, please read this presentation that was recently given in NY. It was an analysis of the Apex contract that landowners there were given — and there are likely many similarities with what would happen in NC.

The Community will also lose income from hunters, as industrial wind development is incompatible with hunting.

What Are Some Other Pieces of the Economics Picture?

1) For starters, read how the NC Department of Commerce cautioned about being fooled by high construction cost figures being bandied about by wind promoters. They wrote this about another nearby NC coastal wind project:

Nearly all of the upfront investment will be with firms located outside NC” and “The employment impacts for a project with this much initial investment is small.

2) Read studies about how industrial turbines decrease Tourism. Note that a 2016 NC study concluded that as many as 80% of tourists would not return to an area with a wind project!

To be conservative, we will reduce the 80% loss figure to only 20%. The impact of this amount is that the Chowan community will lose $4± million of local tourism revenue a year

3) Read this study by the world’s leading bat experts about the substantial economic costs of turbine related (and WNS) bat deaths.

These experts then calculated the cost of turbine bat deaths for each NC county. The mid-range projected agricultural loss for Chowan County due to industrial wind development (and WNS) is $3± million annually!

We add these figures up, and then credit the counties with a generous $1 million/year of property tax income year of combined property tax and lease income. The result is that:

There is a net annual economic loss of $7± million! 

If this is a twenty year project that means there will be a total net loss of $140± million!

However there are several MORE local economic liabilities to still add in!

For example, the developer claims (but does not guarantee) that the Timbermill project will result in 10 jobs. However, using only the very conservative 20% figure again, there will be 25± jobs lost in just the tourism sector. In other words:

—> an annual net employment loss of 15± jobs! 

Read this collection of articles about why industrial wind development will have a negative effect on nearby residential property values. For example, in the small town of Henderson (NY), a 2016 Study concluded that they could lose $40± million in property values due to the proposed nearby wind project (This is why a Property Value Guarantee is necessary.)

Plus there is the cost to local and state consumers and businesses due to the higher cost of wind energy electricity.

Plus there is the cost due to the adverse health effects directly caused by industrial turbines.

Plus there is the cost due to the health consequences caused by a proliferation of insects (due to many bats being killed).

Plus there is the “shocking environmental cost” of wind energy.

Plus there is the likelihood of groundwater contamination.

The referenced studies are simply examples. Please see the Menus above for many more studies. It also may be relevant that citizens near another Apex wind project have sued the developer for “creating a nuisance that will cause unreasonable inconvenience, interference, annoyance, adverse health effects, and loss of use and value of each Plaintiff’s property.”

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Some Misc Documents of Interest —



10/22/13 – Meeting of the Chowan County Planners where they had a presentation from Apex.

11/19/13 – Meeting of the Chowan County Planners where they had another presentation from Apex.

11/23/13 – Letter to the Editor published in the Chowan Harold.

11/24/13 – Comments Against Proposed Text Amendment to Chowan County Zoning Ordinance.

12/2/13 – Meeting of the Chowan County Commissioners where they changed their wind law to 600 feet.

1/15/14 – Letter to the Editor published in the Chowan Harold.

3/23/14 – Letter to the Editor published in the Chowan Harold.

4/20/14 – Letter to the Editor published in the Chowan Harold.

5/30/14 – Letter to the head of the Northeast Commission (now Northeast Alliance) asking why they would be promoting a project that is a net economics loser to the community. [No answer has been received.]

3/11/15 – Letter to the Editor published in the Chowan Harold.

3/18/15 – An update of the local situation was sent to Chowan legislators and interested parties.

3/20/15 – A Facebook page for NC Coastal Wind Energy was created (Renewable Energy Reform).

3/30/15 – An environmental Memorandum” (paid for by Apex) was received by local legislators.

3/31/15 – A request for more information was sent to the “Memorandum” author. (No answer was received.)

3/31/15 – A statement about property value (paid for by Apex) was received by local legislators.

3/31/15 – The Planning Board subcommittee proposes their improvements to the County Wind law.

4/1/15 – A newspaper report (County Compass) of the Planning Board subcommittee’s Presentation.

10/14/15 – An article in the Daily Advance about a proposed Chowan wind energy Moratorium.

9/27/16 – American Bird Conservancy’s statement about the Timbermill Project.

The NC Utilities Commission site to search for documents related to this project.

Some Chowan County Wind Law Information —

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Ordinance Bullet Points (on outline of the basics that need to be included in a local protections-oriented wind law).

Writing An Effective Wind Ordinance (more details on the Bullet Points).

Chowan County’s Tall Structure Ordinance [revised 2013: to increase allowable turbine heights to 600 feet].

Chowan County’s 2020 wind ordinance changes.

How does this ordinance compare to Carteret County’s? Major differences!

Here is a Rating comparison  and a Data comparison.

Contact info for Chowan County Commissioners.

[Sometimes the good question is asked: why should the zoning and ordinance for a wind project be any different from a large commercial “Big Box” project (e.g. a Walmart)? The reason that special zoning and ordinances are needed is because there are MAJOR differences. See here to see a list showing some of the differences.]